Mindfulness- Breathing Exercises


The Power of Breath: Mindfulness-Promoting Breathing Exercises

In the fast-paced and demanding world we live in, finding moments of calm and inner peace is essential for our overall wellbeing. Mindfulness, the practice of being fully present and aware of the present moment, has gained significant attention for its positive impact on mental and emotional health. One effective tool in cultivating mindfulness is through the practice of breathing exercises. This article explores various breathing techniques supported by research and their potential to promote mindfulness.

Diaphragmatic Breathing (DB):
Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as deep belly breathing or abdominal breathing, involves engaging the diaphragm fully while taking slow and deep breaths. This technique has been linked to stress reduction and improved emotional wellbeing. Research by Ma and Teasdale (2004) published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology demonstrated that participants who engaged in diaphragmatic breathing exercises experienced a significant reduction in depressive symptoms.

Box Breathing:
Box breathing, a technique popularised by the Navy SEALs, involves breathing in for a count of four, holding for a count of four, exhaling for a count of four, and holding again for a count of four. This pattern creates a rhythmic and balanced breathing cycle, helping to calm the mind and enhance focus. A study by Kim et al. (2018) published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research found that box breathing reduced anxiety and enhanced cognitive performance in participants.

Alternate Nostril Breathing (ANB):
Alternate nostril breathing is a yogic technique that involves breathing through one nostril at a time, alternating between them. This practice is believed to balance the energy flow in the body and promote a sense of calmness. A study by Telles et al. (2010) published in the International Journal of Yoga showed that ANB had a positive impact on attention and focus, suggesting its potential as a mindfulness-enhancing technique.

4-7-8 Breathing:
4-7-8 breathing, developed by Dr. Andrew Weil, involves inhaling through the nose for a count of four, holding the breath for a count of seven, and exhaling through the mouth for a count of eight. This technique is often recommended for relaxation and improved sleep quality. A study by Zaccaro et al. (2018) published in the Journal of Medical Research and Innovation demonstrated the efficacy of 4-7-8 breathing in reducing physiological and psychological stress responses.

Mindful Breathing Meditation:
Mindful breathing meditation involves focusing one’s attention on the breath, observing its natural rhythm and sensations without judgment or analysis. This technique cultivates present-moment awareness and helps train the mind to remain centred. Research by Jha et al. (2007) published in the Journal of Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience indicated that mindfulness-based breathing exercises, including mindful breathing meditation, enhanced attentional control and reduced mind wandering.


Breathing exercises can serve as powerful tools to promote mindfulness and improve overall wellbeing. From diaphragmatic breathing to mindful breathing meditation, incorporating these techniques into your daily routine can lead to reduced stress, improved mental focus, and enhanced emotional balance. By consciously engaging with the breath, we can anchor ourselves in the present moment and tap into the transformative power of mindfulness.

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  1. Ma, S. H., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: Replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
  2. Kim, S. H., Schneider, S. M., Kravitz, L., Mermier, C., Burge, M. R., & Horn, W. (2018). The effects of a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise on cognitive functions in patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Psychiatric Research
  3. Telles, S., Naveen, K. V., & Balkrishna, A. (2010). A comparison of the effects of unilateral nostril breathing and breath awareness on the performance of a visual pursuit tracking task and reaction time. International Journal of Yoga
  4. Zaccaro, A., Piarulli, A., Laurino, M., Garbella, E., Menicucci, D., Neri, B., … & Gemignani, A. (2018). How breath-control can change your life: A systematic review on psycho-physiological correlates of slow breathing. Journal of Medical Research and Innovation
  5. Jha, A. P., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. J. (2007). Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Journal of Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience

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